Conclusions: Occupational exposure to styrene is a risk factor for hearing loss, and styrene-exposed workers should be included in hearing loss prevention programs. How does styrene gas affect the body? Eye Protection: ... (104F) to form a heat-sensitive explosive peroxide. He said chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene â¦ higher levels of styrene exposure or longer times since first exposure (Kogevinas et al. Color blindness in men and women (standardized morbidity ratios 2.3 and 16.6, respectively) was not associated with exposure estimates, but was the type previously reported with styrene. Results: The median current styrene exposure was 53.6 mg/g creatinine (interquartile range: 19.5-94.4). Thus, employers should make every effort to maintain exposure concentrations as low as possible. with all sections of the recommended standard should prevent or greatly reduce the risk to exposed workers of adverse effects. J Med Toxicol. Exposure to styrene in air can also irritate the eyes, nose and throat. According to scientists, inhalation of styrene gas is the major route of exposure in humans. Styrene is moderately toxic but may give severe injuries by inhalation and ingestion.and long term exposure is fatal. Styrene 100-42-5 Hazard Summary Styrene is primarily used in the production of polystyrene plastics and resins. 1994). It has been reported that 60-70% of the inhaled gas is rapidly absorbed by the liver and lung tissues. Styrene can enter the environment after being released by the manufacturer in the form of a gas or liquid. Exposure to noise (<85 dBA p = 0.0001; â¥85 dB(A) p = 0.0192) interacted significantly with styrene exposure. This includes monitoring for styrene-related cancers and tumors. These documents provide information on the health effects of exposure, the chemicalâs toxicity and material for responding to a chemical incident. Health effects of styrene include irritation of the skin, eyes, and the upper respiratory tract. On exposure to lig ht and air, styrene slowly undergoes polymerization and oxidation with format ion of peroxides. Styrene may cause cancer, though it is still unknown. Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects. 2010. References. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1994, Kolstad et al. Acute exposure may also result in gastrointestinal effects. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects. Published 1 July 2014 Last updated 16 â¦ Exposure to high concentrations of styrene in air can affect the central nervous system causing tiredness, muscle weakness, problems concentrating and nausea. NIOSH considers the recommended environmental limits for styrene to be upper boundaries of exposure. 1. The only treatment for styrene toxicity is treating the effects and symptoms of exposure and avoiding re-exposure to styrene. appropriate, to prevent skin contact. Although co-exposure to butadiene is a concern in the styrene-butadiene industry, the find-ing of increased cancer risk in the reinforced-plastics industry, where Best practice advice is to control exposure to styrene to a level below the workplace exposure limit (WEL). Signs and symptoms of Styrene exposure.
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